When fat is harvested for stem cells the final product is referred to as Stromal Vascular Fraction (SVF). While science has not yet identified everything in the SVF, we do know it is made up primarily of stem cells and growth factors. Growth factors are very powerful messengers that our bodies use to signal cells. Growth factors can turn on and off inflammation, cause cells to grow or die, call in specialized cells for many functions and are themselves being used more and more in clinical settings.
Another source of concentrated growth factors known as Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is already used frequently in orthopedics, wound care and cosmetic surgery. It appears that the growth factors present in SVF may be some of the most anti-inflammatory yet identified. This anti-inflammatory effect may turn out to play an important role in the deployment of SVF and stem cells.